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Bicep: syntax highlighting with PrismJS (and Docusaurus)

· 3 min read
John Reilly
OSS Engineer - TypeScript, Azure, React, Node.js, .NET

Bicep is an amazing language, it's also very new. If you want to write attractive code snippets about Bicep, you can by using PrismJS (and Docusaurus). This post shows you how.

title image reading "Bicep: syntax highlighting with PrismJS (and Docusaurus)" and some Azure logos

Syntax highlighting

I've been writing blog posts about Bicep for a little while. I was frustrated that the code snippets were entirely unhighlighted. I'm keen my posts are as readable as possible, and so I looked into adding support to PrismJS which is what Docusaurus uses to power syntax highlighting.

Whilst my regex fu is amateur at best, happily Michael Schmidt of the PrismJS family is considerably better. He took the support I added and made it much better.

Docusaurus meet Bicep

If you have any code snippets that start with three backticks and the word bicep...

// code goes here...

... then ideally you'd like to see some syntax highlighting in your post. Since Bicep isn't "in the box" for Docusaurus you need to explicitly opt into support like so:

    prism: {
additionalLanguages: ["powershell", "csharp", "docker", "bicep"],

Above you can see a snippet from my own docusaurus.config.js which adds Bicep, alongside the other additional languages I use.

With this in place, you would typically get all the syntax highlighting support you need.

Early adoption workaround

I'm writing this post before the latest version of PrismJS has shipped. As such, Bicep support isn't available by default yet. But if you're an early adopter, you can get support right now. The secret is adding a resolutions section to your package.json which points to the GitHub Repo where Prism lives:

  "resolutions": {
"prismjs": "PrismJS/prism"

This will mean that Yarn (if you're using Docusaurus you're probably using Yarn) pulls prismjs directly from GitHub, as demonstrated by the yarn.lock file:

prismjs@PrismJS/prism, prismjs@^1.23.0:
version "1.24.1"
resolved ""

What does it look like?

Finally, let's see if works. Here's a Bicep code snippet that I borrowed from an earlier post:

param repositoryUrl string
param repositoryBranch string

param location string = 'westeurope'
param skuName string = 'Free'
param skuTier string = 'Free'

param appName string

resource staticWebApp 'Microsoft.Web/staticSites@2020-12-01' = {
name: appName
location: location
tags: tagsObj
sku: {
name: skuName
tier: skuTier
properties: {
// The provider, repositoryUrl and branch fields are required for successive deployments to succeed
// for more details see:
provider: 'DevOps'
repositoryUrl: repositoryUrl
branch: repositoryBranch
buildProperties: {
skipGithubActionWorkflowGeneration: true

output deployment_token string = listSecrets(, staticWebApp.apiVersion).properties.apiKey

As you can see, it's delightfully highlighted by PrismJS. Enjoy!